A Woman With Worsening Hand Pain and Stiffness
Jonathan Thomas Mason, DO • Keith Messenger, DO • Alice Yang, MD • Alec Wilhelmi, MD • Leigh Romero, MD, CAQSM
Department of Population Health, Division of Family Medicine, Dell Medical School at the University of Texas at Austin
Mason JT, Messenger K, Yang A, Wilhelmi A, Romero L. A woman with worsening hand pain and stiffness. Consultant. 2022;62(9):e12-e14.
Received July 4, 2021. Accepted July 9, 2021. Published online December 2, 2021.
The authors report no relevant financial relationships.
Jonathan Mason, DO, Dell Medical School at The University of Texas at Austin, 1501 Red River Street, Austin, TX 78712 (Jonathan.firstname.lastname@example.org)
A 64-year-old woman presented to our clinic with constant pain in her left hand that had been worsening over the past 3 months. She described the pain as sharp and has experienced stiffness with the inability to fully extend her fingers. She also reported associated hand and finger swelling.
History. The pain is aggravated by flexion of the fingers. She had been using diclofenac gel, with minimal relief. Otherwise, there were no alleviating factors. The patient denied a history of trauma. She is right-hand dominant. Her medical history includes uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and depression.
Physical examination. Findings revealed Heberden nodes, diffuse swelling of the fingers, and limited range of motion of the fingers (Figure 1). She was also unable to fully extend her second through fifth digits into an “OK” gesture. Bilateral radiography scans of her hands were conducted for further investigation (Figure 2). Results showed that her left hand had narrowing of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints with central collapse or erosion of joint spaces and spur formation. The radiograph of her right hand demonstrated narrowing of the DIP joints and minimal central collapse.
Figure 1. The patient’s hands showed Heberden nodes (a), limited range of motion, and the inability to fully extend for second through fifth digits into an “OK” gesture (b).
Figure 2. A radiograph of her left hand demonstrated narrowing of distal interphalangeal joints with central collapse or erosion of joint spaces with spur formation (a, arrows). A radiograph of her right hand demonstrated narrowing of the distal interphalangeal joints and minimal central collapse (b).
Answer and discussion on next page.
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